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All pramehas change into diabetes in the absence of proper treatment. In diabetes the patient passes urine which is as sweet as honey and his body also becomes sweet. That is why it and other Pramehas endowed with these symptoms are called Madhumeha.

In Ayurveda, the main reason of diabetes is believed to be Vayu. When Vata gets aggravated and Oja flows out through urine, the condition is called diabetes. Usually diabetes occurs during the old age when all the Dhatus go on weakening day by day.

3000 years ago Acharyas Charak and Sushruta had discovered the passing of sugar in urine due to excessive blood sugar. The scientific method of estimating the blood sugar and urinary sugar given in the Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are unique. Acharya Sushruta describes the colour of the urine of the diabetic as honey - like and Acharya Charaka examines the urine of a diabetic with ants.

"Madhuryachcha tanoratah evam makshikopasarpena sharira madhuryam."

By just observing the colour, ants and flies, they concluded the presence of sugar in urine and blood without performing any laboratory test.


This occurs mostly to rich people than the poor, to fat persons in comparison with the lean, to mental workers in comparison with the manual labourers, to sedentary toilers, to those who sleep during the day, to those who take curds, meat, milk, cream, sweetmeats and heavy diets, to men in comparison with women, to persons of medium age and old people (40-60 years). People with a strong history of diabetic parents and chronic alcoholics, are the people with an increasing risk of diabetes.


Over thirstiness, excessive appetite, frequent urination to which ants are attracted, dryness of throat, weakness, worry, roughness in the skin are the symptoms of diabetes. Constipation, bleeding of gums, itching all over the body, swelling in the legs, unexplained weight loss or weight gain, repeated respiratory infections, are also the chief symptoms. Women develop itching in their genitals.


Diabetes should be managed early in its course. The earlier the better. Inadequately treated diabetes can cause in the long run, complications involving symptoms over the whole body, viz.

Brain and Nerves: Strokes and neuritis.

Kidneys: Chronic renal failure.

Eyes: Premature cataracts and diabetic retinal involvement.

Skin: Recurrent skin infections.

Pregnancy: It can have detrimental effects on the mother as well as the child.

Usually, the complications of long standing diabetes are not seen while the patient is under Ayurvedic treatment.


All these are to be done once a year apart from monthly blood sugar analysis.


Panchakarma procedures like Abhyanga, Swedana, Mashapinda Sweda, Shirodhara, Shirobasthi, Kayaseka are proved to be beneficial in the long run.


Ayurvedic treatment differs from person to person. In the beginning, medicine is given according to the personal criteria. After monitoring the blood sugar level in the stipulated time, maximum dosage of the medicine is given. Medicine is continued until blood sugar level comes to normal. It is the turning point. From then onwards, gradually the dosage of the medicine is reduced. Then either patient will be maintained in minimal dosage or without the medicine! This kind of approach gives hopes to diabetics where there is a possibility of stopping the medicine totally. Moreover, other medicines for constipation, drug induced hyper acidity, general debility, sleeplessness etc. are not at all needed. Complications such as sudden hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic shocks are extremely rare. Complications of long standing diabetes are uncommon while the patient is taking Ayurvedic treatment.


The patients have to effect certain changes in their food. Dietary therapy in diabetes needs to be evaluated for individual needs depending upon the patient's activities, his weight, work status etc. Till the disease in completely cured, they should not take excessive carbohydrates, proteins, fats and sugar. Generalizations like "no sugar" or "no rice" are not the correct way of dietary therapy. Your doctor is the only person who can advise you about your diet. Use of alkaline substances is rendered indispensable in order to equalize the increased percentage of blood sugar. The following substances provide the necessary alkalis: Green vegetables, dry fruits, fresh fruits, sprouted Moong, 'Ragi', Chana etc. are to be taken daily.


One can try any one or two of the following home remedies. But kindly monitor your blood sugar levels.

  • Take 3gm. Triphala powder with 0.5gm. Shilajith.
  • Take 2 spoonful of turmeric juice or 2gm. turmeric powder twice a day with water.
  • Take Gudmar leaf powdered 2gm. twice with honey.
  • Bitter guard: It is grated and 2 tsp in ½ glass of water, soaked for about an hour or so and is taken on empty stomach in the morning and also in the evening. During off-season of this vegetable, powder of sun dried and stored seeds of bitter gourd is taken either with water in the morning and evening or with boiled rice in both meals.
  • One teaspoon of Methi seed powder is effective and is to be taken daily in the morning on empty stomach.
  • Tender Neem leaves may be chewed raw in the morning followed by a glass of water.
  • Neem leaves roasted dry, may also be taken by the patient after grinding them.
  • Jambun seeds are finely powdered and one teaspoon be consumed daily with a glass of water in the morning on empty stomach.
  • Also finely ground green leaves of Jambun (10 leaves approx.) are given in the morning with water for only 10 days.
  • Guava leaves 125 gm are soaked in water overnight and strained and drunk in the morning on empty stomach.
  • Mango leaves (sheded ones and not plucked) are finely ground and a dose of 2 gm. is taken both in the morning as well as in the evening with water. Treatment is to be continued for two weeks. Also plucked fresh green mango leaves and boiled in ½ Litre of water till reduced to ¼th. The decoction is strained and taken in the morning and evening.
  • Bael leaves are effective in controlling diabetes and are taken in various combination as under:
  • Five leaves of Bael, Neem and Tulasi each with 5 pepper and a few Gudannar leaves are ground into fine paste and made into small pills and taken daily in the morning on empty stomach.
  • Bael leaves by themselves, also serve as medicine. Bael is quite efficacious in bringing down blood sugar level. 10gm. Bael leaves to be grounded and taken every morning on empty stomach for 7 days.
  • Bay leaf (Tejapatra) powder, taken after lunch is highly effective.
  • Four white Sadabahar flowers boiled in water into decoction and taken once daily for 7 days.
  • Amla (gooseberry) juice extracted from fresh fruits and mixed with honey is given twice a day.
  • Bengal gram (Besan) flour is mixed with barley flour and made into Chapatis. These are given to the patient instead of wheat flour Chapatis.

    Sarpasana, Suryanamaskara, Pashchimottanasana, Janushirshasana, Suptavajrasana, Halasana, Sarvangasana, Mayoorasana, Chakrasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana and sheershasana. Nadi Shodhan Pranayama, Uddiyan Bandha and Internal Kumbhaka are also useful to diabetics. Regular Yogasana and Pranayama helps in better glucose utilization and reduce the requirement of drugs. It also helps in maintaining optimum weight. Apart from this, after the practice of Kunjal and Neti for one month, Shankha Prakshalan is required at once. This should be undertaken at an interval of one month four times. If diabetics practice the above Asanas and meticulously follow the rules of eating, they would derive maximum benefits from the medicines.


  • Follow the diet, daily and seasonal regimen as advised by the doctor. "First diet, then drugs".
  • Follow the Yogasanas and pranayama prescribed by the doctor.
  • Take your medication in prescribed doses at prescribed timings.
  • If you feel a sudden ravenous appetite, trembling, sweating, palpitation, restlessness, then you must be suffering from hypoglycaemia i.e. a sudden drop in blood sugar. Immediately take half a glass of water with 3 to 4 teaspoons of glucose in it.
  • If a diabetic lapses into unconsciousness take him to hospital immediately.
  • If any change is observed in the body structure or function, bring it to the notice of your doctor.