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All pramehas change into diabetes in the absence of proper treatment. In diabetes the patient passes urine which is as sweet as honey and his body also becomes sweet. That is why it and other Pramehas endowed with these symptoms are called Madhumeha.
In Ayurveda, the main reason of diabetes is believed to be Vayu. When Vata gets aggravated and Oja flows out through urine, the condition is called diabetes. Usually diabetes occurs during the old age when all the Dhatus go on weakening day by day.
3000 years ago Acharyas Charak and Sushruta had discovered the passing of sugar in urine due to excessive blood sugar. The scientific method of estimating the blood sugar and urinary sugar given in the Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are unique. Acharya Sushruta describes the colour of the urine of the diabetic as honey - like and Acharya Charaka examines the urine of a diabetic with ants.
"Madhuryachcha tanoratah evam makshikopasarpena sharira madhuryam."
By just observing the colour, ants and flies, they concluded the presence of sugar in urine and blood without performing any laboratory test.
This occurs mostly to rich people than the poor, to fat persons in comparison with the lean, to mental workers in comparison with the manual labourers, to sedentary toilers, to those who sleep during the day, to those who take curds, meat, milk, cream, sweetmeats and heavy diets, to men in comparison with women, to persons of medium age and old people (40-60 years). People with a strong history of diabetic parents and chronic alcoholics, are the people with an increasing risk of diabetes.
Over thirstiness, excessive appetite, frequent urination to which ants are attracted, dryness of throat, weakness, worry, roughness in the skin are the symptoms of diabetes. Constipation, bleeding of gums, itching all over the body, swelling in the legs, unexplained weight loss or weight gain, repeated respiratory infections, are also the chief symptoms. Women develop itching in their genitals.
Diabetes should be managed early in its course. The earlier the better. Inadequately treated diabetes can cause in the long run, complications involving symptoms over the whole body, viz.
Brain and Nerves: Strokes and neuritis.
Kidneys: Chronic renal failure.
Eyes: Premature cataracts and diabetic retinal involvement.
Skin: Recurrent skin infections.
Pregnancy: It can have detrimental effects on the mother as well as the child.
Usually, the complications of long standing diabetes are not seen while the patient is under Ayurvedic treatment.
All these are to be done once a year apart from monthly blood sugar analysis.
Panchakarma procedures like Abhyanga, Swedana, Mashapinda Sweda, Shirodhara, Shirobasthi, Kayaseka are proved to be beneficial in the long run.
Ayurvedic treatment differs from person to person. In the beginning, medicine is given according to the personal criteria. After monitoring the blood sugar level in the stipulated time, maximum dosage of the medicine is given. Medicine is continued until blood sugar level comes to normal. It is the turning point. From then onwards, gradually the dosage of the medicine is reduced. Then either patient will be maintained in minimal dosage or without the medicine! This kind of approach gives hopes to diabetics where there is a possibility of stopping the medicine totally. Moreover, other medicines for constipation, drug induced hyper acidity, general debility, sleeplessness etc. are not at all needed. Complications such as sudden hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic shocks are extremely rare. Complications of long standing diabetes are uncommon while the patient is taking Ayurvedic treatment.
The patients have to effect certain changes in their food. Dietary therapy in diabetes needs to be evaluated for individual needs depending upon the patient's activities, his weight, work status etc. Till the disease in completely cured, they should not take excessive carbohydrates, proteins, fats and sugar. Generalizations like "no sugar" or "no rice" are not the correct way of dietary therapy. Your doctor is the only person who can advise you about your diet. Use of alkaline substances is rendered indispensable in order to equalize the increased percentage of blood sugar. The following substances provide the necessary alkalis: Green vegetables, dry fruits, fresh fruits, sprouted Moong, 'Ragi', Chana etc. are to be taken daily.
One can try any one or two of the following home remedies. But kindly monitor your blood sugar levels.
Sarpasana, Suryanamaskara, Pashchimottanasana, Janushirshasana, Suptavajrasana, Halasana, Sarvangasana, Mayoorasana, Chakrasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana and sheershasana. Nadi Shodhan Pranayama, Uddiyan Bandha and Internal Kumbhaka are also useful to diabetics. Regular Yogasana and Pranayama helps in better glucose utilization and reduce the requirement of drugs. It also helps in maintaining optimum weight. Apart from this, after the practice of Kunjal and Neti for one month, Shankha Prakshalan is required at once. This should be undertaken at an interval of one month four times. If diabetics practice the above Asanas and meticulously follow the rules of eating, they would derive maximum benefits from the medicines.